Large family of molecules that include carotenoids, phytoids, prenols, steroids, terpenoids and tocopherols. May form only a portion of a molecule being attached to a nonisoprenoid portion. Isoprenoids are synthesized from diphosphate of isopentyl alcohol (isopentenyl diphosphate)

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • isoprenoid — /uy seuh pree noyd/, adj. Chem. pertaining to, derived from, or similar to isoprene. [1955 60; ISOPRENE + OID] * * * or terpene Class of organic compounds made up of two or more structural units derived from isoprene. Isoprene is a five carbon… …   Universalium

  • isoprenoid — adjective Date: 1940 relating to, containing, or being a branched chain grouping characteristic of isoprene • isoprenoid noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • isoprenoid — iso·pren·oid .ī sə prē .nȯid adj relating to, containing, or being a branched chain group characteristic of isoprene isoprenoid n * * * iso·pre·noid (i″so preґnoid) any compound biosynthesized from or containing isoprene units, including… …   Medical dictionary

  • isoprenoid — izoprenoidas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Junginys, susidedantis iš izopentano fragmentų. atitikmenys: angl. isoprenoid rus. изопреноид …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • isoprenoid — I. | ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷|prēˌnȯid adjective Etymology: isoprene + oid : relating to, containing, or being the branched chain grouping (C)2C−C−C of five carbon atoms that is characteristic of isoprene and that recurs in the molecules of many natural… …   Useful english dictionary

  • isoprenoid — noun Any compound formally derived from one or more isoprene unit …   Wiktionary

  • Isoprenoid — I|so|p|re|no|id [↑ Isopren u. ↑ oid], das; s, e; Syn.: isoprenoide Verb.: Sammelbez. für natürliche oder synthetische Verb., deren Struktur den Aufbau aus C5H8 Einheiten (↑ Prenyl ) des Isoprens erkennen lässt, z. B. Terpene u. Terpenoide,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • isoprenoid — iso|pre|no|id <zu ↑...oid> aus Isoprenmolekülen aufgebaut …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • isoprenoid — iso·pre·noid …   English syllables

  • Non-mevalonate pathway — The non mevalonate pathway or 2 C methyl D erythritol 4 phosphate/1 deoxy D xylulose 5 phosphate pathway (MEP/DOXP pathway) of isoprenoid biosynthesis is an alternative metabolic pathway leading to the formation of isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) …   Wikipedia

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